Electronic and Transport Properties of Novel Two Dimensional Materials

  • The family of 2D layered materials has gained enormous attention of materials scientists and researchers from other fields of science. This stems from the fact that 2D monolayers (1Ls) can exhibit remarkably different electronic properties than their bulk counterparts. Moreover, stacking different 1Ls, results in yet different electronic properties than these of the 1Ls. Recently, among others, van der Waals heterostructures (vdW HS) of transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDC) have been extensively studied due to their type-II band alignment. This thesis summarizes four different theoretical studies on layered 2D materials. The first study investigates the potential existence of a new family of bulk layered materials with chemical formula XY3 (where X = group 14; Y = group 15). The low cleavage energies indicate the potential exfoliation as mono- and bi- layers (2Ls), where most of the exfoliated layers are thermally and dynamically stable. Interestingly, many 1Ls and 2Ls show strong quantum confinement and turn into indirect semiconductors, unlike bulks which are all metals. Such metal to semiconductor transition was previously known for noble-metal dichalcogenides. Next study shows one of the potential applications of XY3, that is, single-material logical junction for gas sensing applications. A device that consists of metallic multilayers (3L) as electrodes and semiconducting 1L as scattering region. To do so, one of the exemplary materials (SnP3) was picked to construct a single-material device. The results combining density functional theory (DFT) and non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF) calculations revealed that SnP3 is an ideal material for gas sensing applications, especially for poisonous NO gas molecules. For NO molecules, this device showed a negative differential resistance (NDR) at small bias voltages. Moreover, electronic properties of vdW TMDC HS were investigated for the HS having up to six layers. In this part, it was essentially studied [...]

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Publishing Institution:IRC-Library, Information Resource Center der Jacobs University Bremen
Granting Institution:Jacobs Univ.
Author:Muhammad Sufyan Ramzan
Referee:Bálint Aradi, Ulrich Kleinekathöfer
Advisor:Agnieszka Beata Kuc
Persistent Identifier (URN):urn:nbn:de:gbv:579-opus-1010779
Document Type:PhD Thesis
Language:English
Date of Successful Oral Defense:2021/07/16
Date of First Publication:2022/05/12
Academic Department:Physics & Earth Sciences
PhD Degree:Physics
Focus Area:Health
Other Countries Involved:Pakistan
Call No:2022/7

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